Soon after delivery, your baby's weight, length and head circumference are measured. These measurements are very important, as they will be used in the future for comparing and assessing your baby's health and rate of growth. The doctor will also quickly examine your baby to make sure that everything is okay
The baby's eyes are then treated with antibiotic ointment or drops(usually erythromycin) to help prevent infection. He/She will also be given an injection of vitamin K to help the blood clotting ability. A small amount of blood will be taken from the baby's heel, to be tested for a number of conditions. Blood taken from the umbilical cord will be used to test for your baby's blood type. Within 24 hours, the baby is weighed again, and given a more thorough examination. You may wish to be present for this exam, as it's a good time to ask the doctor any questions.
Handling a Newborn Baby's Head Many parents worry about injuring their baby's soft spot. But below the fontanelles, there's a tough membrane that protects the baby's brain. Normal handling of your baby won't injure the fontanelles or the brain.
Until your baby is strong enough to support herself, be sure to always support her head, neck and back when lifting, carrying and lowering her.
Install fool-proof stair guards at the top and bottom of stairways to prevent falls until your child can walk well.
Install window-guards that will stop a child from falling out, but can also be opened in case of fire..
It's also a good idea to install child-resistant cupboard and drawer latches, and electrical outlet covers..
Store all sharp objects, poisonous substances and medications far from baby's reach..
And last but not least, regularly get down on your hands and knees to gain a small child's perspective. Look for and remove any potential hazards that may be within baby's reach.
Tip of the Day
Keep your baby out of a diaper for short periods to allow the skin to dry
Avoid colour diapers
Make sure that the diaper or plastic pants is not too tight as to allow air to circulate inside the diaper
If you think your child has a Candida infection, contact your physician
Clean the base of the stump two or three times a day with a sterile cotton ball or gauze soaked with water. Recent studies suggest that alcohol swabbing is not necessary, as it may delay the stump from falling off. In order to keep the stump dry, fasten diapers below the navel. The baby's shirt should also be rolled above the stump, to allow free circulation of air. Until the umbilical stump has fallen off, avoid tub-bathing. Instead, sponge-bathe, or wash baby with your hands, keeping the stump area as dry as possible.
When the cord falls, there may be slight bleeding in the navel area. This isn't cause for concern and should disappear in two or three days. If you notice any foul smell, reddening or oozing around the umbilical stump, be sure to report it to your doctor, as well as any bleeding that lasts for more than three days.
Use a Crib
Place your baby to sleep in your room, in a crib, cradle, or bassinet that meets current applicable safety regulations. Your baby’s mattress should be firm, flat, and fit snugly in the frame. Strollers, swings, bouncers, and car seats are not intended for sleeping infants.
Sharing an adult bed, sofa, or other soft sleeping surface with your baby increases the risk of SIDS. Your baby is also at risk of becoming trapped, smothered, or suffocated.
Place Your Baby on His or Her Back To Sleep
While babies should spend some supervised time every day on their tummies to help them develop their neck muscles, at naptime and bedtime, they should be put on their backs.
Keep Soft Materials out of Your Baby’s Crib
Don’t use sleep positioners, or place bumper pads, comforters, stuffed animals, pillows, or other items in your baby’s crib or bassinet.
Make Sure Your Baby’s Room Is Not Too Warm
Dress your baby in light sleepwear that’s comfortable at room temperature. If a blanket is needed, use only a thin, lightweight, and breathable one.
Keep Your Baby Away From Tobacco Smoke
Make your baby’s room and your house smoke-free, and choose a non-smoking caregiver. Don’t allow anyone to smoke around your baby.